A brief introduction:
The cultural value of art in the Latin American narrative changes throughout the eras. For example, art in the modern era takes on the role of a scientific image, a devotional supplement, an internal reflection, a unifying element or a political statement. Which particular role is most prominent at a given time is influenced by the historical and social context in which it lies. The role of the artist is directly correlated to the role of art in a specific period. For example, the artist’s role in society shifts from the documentarian, to the creative genius, to the social critic as rules and demands for creative expression are altered by changing historical and social contexts of the 19th and 20th centuries. While the Latin American artist narrative extends over an expansive period of time, this paper will focus specifically on the late 1800’s to the mid-1920’s.
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